Introduction to Marrakech
is the former capital of Morocco and is famed for its markets and
festivals. It is sited at the foot of the snowy High Atlas Mountains,
about 100 km from Casablanca.
around 1062 by the Berber Almoravids, Marrakech soon became the
capital of an Islamic empire that reached from central Spain to
West Africa and exists today as unique cultural melting pot.
the heart of Marrakech is the Place Djemaa el-Fna, a huge
square in the old city (Medina). The souqs (markets) there are reputed
to be among the best in Morocco, and visitors can bargain for anything
from water mugs and dates to exotic Moroccan carpets.
attractions of the old city include:
rare Almoravid-style Koubba Ba'adiyn mosque annex, which
embodies Moroccan architecture through its use of palms, pine
cones, window shape, and dome with an octagonal support;
magnificent Koutoubia mosque which took its name from the
Arabic word for book, koutoub, and was built in the early 12th
Palais Dar Si Said (Museum of Moroccan Arts), which has an
excellent selection of exhibits from all over the country, including
jewelry, carpets, and pottery.
(canopied horse-drawn carriages) are a popular way to explore thecity.
Calèche hold four to five people and cost approximately 60
dirham per hour.