[_private/logo.htm]

FOURTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND ENFORCEMENT

PROCEEDINGS

Table of Contents - Volume 1

PREFACE

CONFERENCE PURPOSE AND GOALS

CONFERENCE PROGRAM

OPENING SPEECHES

  1. Welcome and Introduction to the Conference, S. Herman
  2. Evolution of Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Programs in Thailand and Current Challenges, H. Yingphan Manasikarn
  3. Chiang Mai’s Environmental Challenges, V. Naewboonnien, J. Wongburanawatt
  4. Reaching Out To Others For Effective Environmental Enforcement, M. de Boer

CONFERENCE PAPERS AND DISCUSSION SUMMARIES

Theme #1: Driving Forces Behind Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Programs

  1. Summary of Panel Discussion of Theme #1, Moderator: C. Wasserman, Rapporteurs: S. Oley, K. Rubin
  2. Driving Forces for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement: Sustainable Development, International Trade, Public Pressure and Involvement in Decision-Making and the Implications for Cleaner Production, Environmental Law, and Sustainable Development, R. Olembo
  3. Implications of ISO 14001 for Regulatory Compliance, J. Casio
  4. The Impact of Driving Forces on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Programs - The Philippine Experience, R. Vasquez
  5. The Impact of Driving Forces on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Programs -Example of Poland, S. Wajda
  6. Driving Forces for Sustainable Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Program in Africa with Particular Reference to Nigeria, A. Adegoroye
  7. The Impact of Driving Forces on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Programs in México, A. Azuela

Theme # 2: Principles of Environmental Compliance and Enforcement

  1. Building International Networks, Cooperation, and Capacity for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement: A Progress Report, C. Wasserman

Theme #3: Establishing International Cooperation and Regional Networks: Status of Efforts Underway

  1. Summary Of Panel Discussion of Theme # 3, Moderator: M. Enthoven, Rapporteurs: S. Oley, K. Rubin
  2. Emerging Networks of Environmental Enforcement and Compliance Cooperation in North America and the Western Hemisphere, S. A. Herman, L. I. Sperling
  3. Toward Establishing a Regional Network in the West Asia/Middle East Region, O. A. El-Kholy
  4. Establishing International Cooperation and Regional Networks, D. H. Slater, A. W. James
  5. Enforcement and compliance Programs in Central America, P. Madrigal Cordero
  6. International Cooperation: INTERPOL, J. van Doorn
  7. Transfrontier Shipments of Waste: Successes and Problems with the Enforcement of Supranational Legislation, R. de Krom
  8. A European Enforcement Project on the Notification of New Substances (NONS);A Cooperative Project of 14 European Countries, L.C. van Gent

Theme #4: International Capacity Building

  1. The Evolving Role of Citizens in Environmental Enforcement, S. Casey-Lefkowitz, W. J. Futrell, J. Austin, S. Bass
  2. International Capacity Building for Industrial Compliance and Enforcement -The UNEP Experience, J. Aloisi de Larderel, J. H. Skinner
  3. UNEP’s Role in Capacity Building in Environmental Law, D. Kaniaru, L. Kurukulasuriya
  4. International Capacity Building for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, S. Becker
  5. World Bank Supported Environment Institution Building Investments, J. Aden

Theme # 5: Institution Building: UNEP Workshops

  1. Synopsis of UNEP Manual on Institution Building
  2. Synopsis of Organizational Design Issues: A Comparison of International Compliance and Enforcement Programs
  3. Synopsis of Financing Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Programs

    Theme # 6: Special Topic and Institution-Building Workshops

    Special Topic Workshop A: Automation and Enforcement: Available Support Systems

    Information Systems to Support Compliance and Enforcement, C. R. Galloway

    Special Topic Workshop B: Strategic Targeting for Enforcement

  1. Summary of Workshop: Strategic Targeting For Enforcement, Facilitators: C. Currie, K. Prosser, Rapporteur: C. Cocault
  2. Strategic Targeting for Compliance and Enforcement, R. F. Duffy

Special Topic Workshop C: Integrated Permitting and Inspection

  1. Summary of Workshop: Integrated Permitting and Inspection, Facilitators: J. Skinner, C. Wasserman, Rapporteur: J. Mozingo
  2. Innovative Multi-media Compliance, Enforcement and Pollution Prevention Approaches to Environmental Compliance at Federal Facilities in the United States of America, R. B. Cheatham, J. R. Edward, W. H. Frank, R. J. Satterfield

Special Topic Workshop D: Compliance Monitoring

  1. Summary of Workshop: Compliance Monitoring, Facilitators: J. Blenkers, H. Laing, J. Skinner, Rapporteur: J. Jeffery
  2. Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building in the Field of Environmental Inspection and Enforcement in Denmark, G. Nielsen
  3. Synopsis of International Comparison of Source Self-Monitoring, Reporting, and Recordkeeping Requirements
  4. Synopsis of Multi-media Inspection Protocols: International Examples
  5. Synopsis of Course: Conducting Multi-Media Inspections

Special Topic Workshop E: Promoting Voluntary Compliance: Environmental Auditing, Outreach, and Incentive Programs

  1. Summary of Workshop: Promoting Voluntary Compliance: Environmental Auditing, Outreach, Incentive Programs, Facilitators: M. Olman, L. Rimer, Rapporteur: D. Novak
  2. Legal Marketing of Environmental Law: The Philippines Experience, A. Oposa
  3. The Mexican Environmental Audit as a Voluntary Norm, J. Calderon
  4. Dutch Industrial Target Group Approach: An Enforcement Study on the Voluntary Environmental Agreement with Petrol Stations, H. P. Staats
  5. Stimulating Voluntary Compliance: New Policy Directions in the United States: The Minnesota Experience, L. Paddock
  6. Encouraging Voluntary Compliance without Compromising Enforcement: EPA’s 1995 Auditing Policy, E. S. Schaeffer
  7. Dutch Industrial Target Group Approach: A National Enforcement Study on the Voluntary Environmental Agreement for the Wood Preservation Industry, W. Huurdeman

Special Topic Workshop F: Measures of Success

  1. Summary of Workshop: Measures of Success, Facilitators: J. Peters, C. Wasserman, Rapporteur: J. Mozingo
  2. Measuring the Success of Compliance and Enforcement Programs, R. F. Duffy

Special Topic Workshop G: Communications and Enforcement

  1. Summary of Workshop: Communications and Enforcement, Facilitators: R. Glaser, J. C. M. Veenman, J. Wise, Rapporteur: J. J. van Klaveren

Special Topic Workshop H: Public Role in Enforcement: How to Go About Creating and Supporting Effective Citizen Enforcement

  1. Summary of Workshop: Public Involvement in Enforcement, Facilitators: M. Axline, J. van Dijk, Rapporteur: S. Casey-Lefkowitz
  2. Environmental Enforcement and Public Advocacy in Ukraine, S. Kravchenko
  3. Intergenerational Responsibility in the Philippine context as a Judicial Argument for Public Action on Deforestation, A. Oposa
  4. Role of Public Participation in Enforcement, G. Sarmiento

Special Topic Workshop I: Criminal Enforcement: INTERPOL, Role of Criminal Enforcement in Environmental Enforcement

  1. Summary of Workshop: Criminal Enforcement Role in Environment, Facilitators: T. Bispham, J. van Doorn, Rapporteurs: J. Gras, L. Sievers
  2. The Environmental Task of the Police: 1990-1994, L. Sievers, M.J. Horstman
  3. The Environmental Task of the Police: 1995-1998, L. Sievers, M.J. Horstman
  4. Environmental Duties of the Police in the Netherlands, L. Sievers
  5. Oregon’s Experience in Developing and Implementing a State Environmental Crimes Program, T. Bispham, H. Duncan, L. Carlough
  6. Targeting and Criminal Enforcement, A. de Lange
  7. The Environmental Criminal Justice in China, S. Wang
  8. The Netherland’s Manual: Investigations of Complex Environmental Offenses, C. van Kooten

Special Topic Workshop J: Enforcement of Economic Instruments

  1. Summary of Workshop: Enforcement of Economic Instruments, Facilitators: J. van den Heuvel, J. Rothman, J. Wise, Rapporteur: D. Novak
  2. Enforcement of Pollutant Discharge Fee in China, H. Baolin

 

Table of Contents - Volume 2

Special Topic Workshop K: Take-Back Laws Enforcement

Special Topic Workshop L: Creating Enforceable Permit Programs and Requirements: Discussion Focus on Water Pollution and contamination of Drinking Water Supplies

  1. Summary of Workshop: Creating Enforceable Permit Programs and Requirements: Discussion Focus on Water Pollution and Contamination of Drinking Water Supplies, Facilitators and Rapporteurs: P. van Erkelens, L. Crerar
  2. The Pollution of Surface Waters Act in the Netherlands: A Story of Successful Enforcement, P. van Erkelens, M. Olman
  3. The Enforcement of Drinking Water Quality in the Netherlands, J. Lijmbach-Hendrikx
  4. Potassium and Nitrate Pollution of Surface Water in the Catchment Area of the "Blankaert" Water Production Centre in Flanders (Belgium), R. Baert, R. Loontiens, M. Devos
  5. Protecting Drinking Water Quality Through the Clean Water Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act, B. Devlin

Special Topic Workshop M: Transboundary Illegal Shipments of Hazardous Waste; Tricks of the Trade

  1. Summary of Workshop: Transboundary Illegal Shipments of Hazardous Waste; Tricks of the Trade, Facilitators: F. Kesselaar, J. Rothman, Rapporteur: R. Sturges
  2. A United States Perspective on Transboundary Investigations: Recent Cases and Essential Strategies for Interdiction of International Environmental Crime, E. E. Devaney, M. J. Penders
  3. The International Control of Transboundary Illegal Shipment of Hazardous Wastes: A Survey on Recent Cases Happened in China, X. Wang
  4. Regional Action Program and Guidelines to Prevent Illegal Traffic in Hazardous Wastes in the Asia-Pacific Region, A. S. Tolentino, Jr.
  5. Illegal transports of Waste: Tricks of the Trade, L.C. Blanker
  6. Transboundary Illegal Shipments of Hazardous Waste, Toxic Chemicals (Pesticides) Contraband Chlorofluorohydrocarbons: The Nigerian Experience, M. T. Odubela, O. Soyombo, F. Adegbite, K. Ogunbuyi
  7. Cradle-To-Grave Compliance Tracking of U.S./Mexico Transboundary Hazardous Waste: The Haztraks Tracking System, S. Coleman, J.V. Schultes
  8. Synopsis of Transboundary Trade in Potentially Hazardous Substances

Special Topic Workshop N: Montreal Protocol: Enforcement of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) and Related Requirements

  1. Summary of Workshop: Montreal Protocol: Enforcement of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC)and Related Requirements, Facilitators: H. Kesselaar, I. Moreno, Rapporteur: R. Sturges
  2. Regulations to Implement Montreal Protocol: Guatemala Country Program, J. M. Del Valle, H. Figuerora
  3. Evaluation of Three Years enforcement of the Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) Regulations in the Netherlands, G. A. H. Tijink, J. P. Cornet

Special Topic Workshop O: Enforcing Domestic Programs Implementing International Agreements

  1. Environmental Compliance and Enforcement: A Case of Nepal, K. P. Oli

Special Topic Workshop P: Collaborative International Targeting of Enforcement

Special Topic Workshop Q: Organizing and Financing Programs

  1. Summary of Workshop: Organizing and Financing Programs, Facilitator: R. Glaser, L. Paddock, Rapporteur: K. Rubin

Special Topic Workshop R: Enforcement Policy and Authorities

  1. Summary of Workshop: Enforcement Policy and Authorities, Facilitators and Rapporteurs: M. Gade, J. Peters
  2. Compliance Program Innovations in Polish Environmental Law, Z. Kamienski
  3. Compliance Agreements for Environmental Risk Management in the Czech Republic, H. Cízková

Theme # 7: Making Progress: Regional Examples, Capacity-Building Agenda, International/Regional Networks

  1. Africa Regional Meeting Summary
  2. Americas Regional Meeting Summary
  1. Southeast Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting Summary
  2. South Asia Regional Meeting Summary
  3. Central and Eastern Europe Regional Meeting Summary
  4. West Asia/Middle East Regional Meeting Summary
  5. Western Europe Regional Meeting Summary
  6. Information Sharing as an Environmental Policy Tool: The Indonesian Experience, N. Makarim, J. Butler
  7. The City of Kitakyushu’s Experience Concerning the Implementation of Countermeasures for and Compliance with Environmental Protection Legislation, R. Hitsumoto
  8. A Survey of Environmental Law and Enforcement Authorities in China, Y. Zhao
  9. Enforcement of Legislation on Genetically Modified Organisms in the Netherlands, I. van der Leij, M. S. Thijssen
  10. Environmental Laws, Capacity Building and Compliance Monitoring --The Hong Kong Experience, J. E. Boxall, W. F. S. Ho, C. K. Lei, C. W. Tse
  11. Enforcement Problems with Radioactive Material in the National and International Trade in Metal and Metal Scrap, G. M. Breas and P. I. van der Vaart
  12. Some Environmental and Enforcement Issues Relating to the Siting of a Medium Scale Steel Mill on the Shores of the Manukau Harbor, Auckland, New Zealand, C. Hatton
  13. Enforcement Strategies of the Israel Ministry of the Environment, R. Rotenberg
  14. Development and Enforcement of New Armenian Environmental Protection Legislation: Problems and Solutions, V. Ter-Nikghosyan
  15. Features of Licensing and Control of Environment in Romania, I. D. Vasilescu
  16. From Environmental Planning to Enforcement: A Case Study from Egypt, T. M. Genena
  17. El Salvador’s Experience in the Design of Environmental Programs, G. Navarrete Lopez
  18. The Role of Goals, Steps and Content of Comprehensive Compliance Programs in Achieving Environmental Compliance and Enforcement in Romania, D. Popescu
  19. Thailand’s Environmental Enforcement Program, K. Homchean
  20. The Range of Legal Enforcement Tools in Lithuania and Problems, D. Lygis
  21. Licensing and Enforcement at Municipal and Provincial Level in North Brabant: Developments in Recent Years, J. Blenkers, N. Dols, P. vander Linden
  22. An Integrated Approach to Environmental Enforcement -- A Case Study, B. Baron
  23. Compliance and Enforcement Programs on Residual Waters, Case Study: Costa Rica’s Grande de Tarcoles River, M. A. Gonzalez Salasar
  24. Development and Implementation of Information Exchange by Enforcement of Environmental Legislation, J. van Dijk

CLOSING REMARKS FOR THE FOURTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND ENFORCEMENT, S. A. Herman, P.J. Verkerk

CONFERENCE EVALUATION

PARTICIPANT LIST

PARTICIPANT LIST BY COUNTRY

MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE PLANNING COMMITTEE

EXECUTIVE PLANNING COMMITTEE STAFF

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS