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SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON
  ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT

PROCEEDINGS

Table of Contents - Volume 1
Theme #1: Context for Enforcement 
  1.            Principles of Environmental Enforcement, C. Wasserman
2.            Membership of the EEC: What it Means for Environmental Requirements and Enforcement, R. Macrory
3.            The Implementation of Environmental Laws by the European Economic Communities, L. Kramer
4.            Environmental Enforcement in Central and Eastern Europe in Transition, W. Beblo
5.            Environmental Enforcement in Hungary - Today and Tomorrow, G. Bandi

Theme #2: Designing Enforceable Environmental Requirements 
  6.         Developing Enforceable Environmental Regulations and Permits, S. Fulton and E. Gilberg
7.            Swedish System of Integrated Permitting - Whether it Enhances Compliance and Enforceability, L. Sverndal
8.            Compliance and Enforcement Strategies in East Germany - Saxony as an Example, D. Angst
9.            A Clear Approach Gives Full Compliance, H. de Vrie
10.         Information Campaigns Benefit Enforcement of Environmental Laws, J. van Ekeren and M. van der Voet (additional paper)
11.         Alternative Organizational Structures for a Compliance and Enforcement Program, W. Eichbaum

Theme #3: Developing an Effective Compliance Monitoring Capability (e.g. Inspection Capability) 
  12.         Developing an Effective Compliance Monitoring Capability, M. Bierman and Beukema toe Water
13.         Integrated Licensing, Implementation and Compliance Monitoring in Developing Countries, J. Aloisi de Larderel
14.         Compliance Monitoring in Norway, G. Rodland
15.         U.S. Experience and Differences Between Civil and Criminal Investigations and Use of Central Elite Force to Supplement Local Inspectors, C. Wills and D. Gipe
16.         UK Experience in Establishing and Inspectorate for Integrated Pollution Regulation, J. Handyside
17.        Compliance Monitoring in Poland: Current Status and Development, J. Jendroska
18.         The Enforcement of the State Policy of the CSFR on the Field of the Montreal Protocol, M. Kotaska and V. Rehacek (additional paper)

Theme #4: Developing Authorities and Legal  Enforcement Capabilities to Respond to Violations 
  19.         Developing Authorities and Legal Enforcement Capabilities, V. O'Meara
20.         The Public Prosecutor Office of Hungary and its Development, S. Fulop
21.         Developing Effective Enforcement Programs at the State Level, L. Paddock
22.         System to Supervise Environmental Duties and to Pursuit Infringements Taking Clean Air Management as Example, M. Putz
23.         Environmental Enforcement by Municipalities in the Netherlands, P. Dordregter
24.         Choosing among Criminal, Civil Judicial and Administrative Enforcement Options, D. van Zeben and M. Mulkey (additional paper)
25.         The Environmental Prosecutor: The Experience of a "Central Command" Theory of Environmental Enforcement, S. Madonna
26.        
The Application of Criminal law Instrument in the Environmental Law Enforcement, A. Hamzah and R. Surachman (additional paper)

Theme #5: Economic Development and Ownership Issues 
  27.         Enforcement of Canadian Laws of Environmental Protection as Applied to Federal Facilities, P. Cuillerier
28.        The Ecological Semaphores for Fourteen Paths of Ownership Changes in Poland, P. Syryczynski
29.         Enforcing the Law at Government Owned or Operated Facilities, A. Homonnay
30.         The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Integrated Compliance by the Federal Government, T. McCall
31.         Civil Enfocement: Paying for the past, H. von Meijenfeldt
32.          Privatization as an Opportunity to enhance Compliance - Poland's Perspective, S. Wajda

Theme #6:  Applications to a Particular Environmental Problem: Solid and Hazardous Waste
  33.         Polish Prohibition of Waste Import, W. Radecki
34.         Some Information on Enforcement concerning Solid and Hazardous Wastes Disposal in Czechslovakia, K. Velek
35.          Results of Three Years of Enforcement of Regulations on Transboundary Shipments of Hazardous Waste in The Netherlands, M. Fokke-Baggen (additional paper)

Theme #7:  Public Disclosure and Citizens' Role in Enforcement 
  36.         The Role of Citizens in Environmental Enforcement, E. Roberts, J. Dobbins,and M. Bowman
37.         Citizens Role in Enforcement: a Spur, a Supplement and a Substitute, R. Hallo
38.         Citizen Participation in U.S. Environmental Enforcement, R. Van Heuvelen and L. Breggin
39.         From Public Disclosure to Public Accountability: What Impact will it have on Compliance, F. Irwin
40.         Disclosure of Environmental Information and Enforcement of Environmental Law in Flanders: The Complementary Role of Governmental Authorities and NGO's, R. de Baere
41.          Use of Public Disclosure in Environmental Protection Programs to Enhance Compliance and Change Behavior in the United States, P. Keough and N. Willard


Table of Contents - Volume 2

OPENING SPEECHES
  1.          Mr. S. Keresztes, Minister of Environment, Hungary
2.          Mr. G. Demszky,  Mayor of the City of Budapest
3.          Mr. H. Alders, Minister of Environment, Netherlands
4.          Mr. H. Tate Jr., Assistant Administrator, US EPA
5.         Mr. L. Brinkhorst, Director General for Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection, Commission of the European Communities

ADDITIONAL CONFERENCE PAPERS
Theme #1: Context for Enforcement 
  6.            Upgrading of Environmental Laws in France as Part of the Requirements by the EEC, P. Kromarek
7.            Some Factors Influencing Environmental Enforcement in the CSFR, E. Kruzikova

Theme #2: Designing Enforceable Environmental Requirements 
  8.             Designing Enforceable Environmental Requirements, T. Smith

Theme #3: Developing an Effective Compliance Monitoring Capability 
  No additional papers

Theme #4: Developing Authorities and Legal Enforcement Capabilities to Respond to Violations 
  9.            Combatting Environmental Crime in an International Context, Y. van der Meer
10.         The Development of the Police's Enforcement Position in the Field of Environment, M. Horstman
11.          Environmental Enforcement by Municipalities in The Netherlands, P. Dordregter

Theme #5: Economic Development and Ownership Issues 
  12.         Environmental Enforcement in Greece, M. Vassilopoulos
13.         The Role of Industry: Empowerment and Environmental Protection, J. Plaut
14.         Environmental Problems in the Hungarian Privatization, I.  Mandoki
15.         NGO's Role in Environmental Enforcement in Ownership Transformations in Poland 1990-1992, Opportunities and Problems, W. Stodulski

Theme #6: Applications to a Particular Environmental Problem: Solid and Hazardous Waste  
  16.         The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, I. Rummel-Bulska
17.        Transition and Implementation of Waste Management Policies in Central and Eastern Europe, S. Wassersug
18.         The Enforcement of Experience in Catalunya on Industrial Waste, F. Relea and C. Martin
19.          Specific Details Regarding Hazardous Waste Transport and Disposal, L. Mara
20.         The Role of Interpol in Environmental Enforcement, S. Klem

Theme #7: Public Disclosure and Citizen's Role in Enforcement 
  21.          Citizens' Role of Enforcement of Environmental Law in Europe, M. Fuhr
22.          Public Disclosure and its Impact on Compliance, N. Blackburn
23.          Public Disclosure and Citizens' Role in Enforcement, E. Popov
24.          Enforcement of EEC Environmental Legislation: the Role of Citizens and Citizens' Groups, E. Klatte
25.          The Role of the Russian Public in Environmental Enforcement, M. Brinchuk
26.          The New Ecological Legislation of Russia, R. Bogolepov

SUMMARIES OF THEME DISCUSSIONS
  27.         Context for Enforcement, Summary of Theme #1 Discussion, F. Uijting
28.         Designing Enforceable Environmental Requirements, Summary of Theme #2 Discussion, M. Mulkey
29.         Developing an Effective Compliance Monitoring Capability (e.g. Inspection Capability), Summary of Theme #3 Discussion, M. ten Hove
30.         Developing Authorities and Legal Enforcement Capabilities to Respond to Violations, Summary of Theme #4 Discussion, A. DeLong
31.         Economic Development and Ownership Issues, Summary of Theme #5 Discussion, G. Bandi
32.         Applications to a Particular Environmental Problem: Solid and Hazardous Waste, Summary of Theme #6 Discussion, F. Uijting
33.         Public Disclosure and Citizens' Role in Enforcement, Summary of Theme #7 Discussion, A. DeLong

CLOSING REMARKS
  Pieter Verkerk & Herbert Tate Jr.
Ludwig Kramer